The recent surge in Omicron coronavirus once again underscores Canada’s reliance on and need for foreign workers.
Canada needs immigrants in order to recover from the economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic. Consequently, Canada is looking for new immigrants, skilled workers and international students to help the recovery effort. And its aggressive programs have been successful in meeting immigration level targets.
Canada surpassed its 2021 Levels Immigration Plan target. The country welcomed over 401,000 new permanent residents in 2021. This is the largest number in a single year in Canadian history.
The pandemic continues to create acute labour shortages in many sectors of the Canadian economy. The government of Canada is committed to welcome more PRs in 2022 than it did in the record-breaking 2021.
Canada is looking to welcome 411,000 new immigrants in 2022 and 421,000 immigrants in 2023. In a Bloomberg interview, Immigration Minister Sean Fraser said the government is prepared to increase these targets if it needs additional newcomers to fill labor shortages.
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Ways you could immigrate to Canada in 2022
A December 2021 report indicated that up to 71% of Canadian small businesses face labour shortages. The report is titled ‘Labour Shortages Are Back With A Vengeance’ by the Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB).
The report indicated that opportunities will abound in Canada in 2022 for foreign nationals seeking to gain Canadian permanent residency.
Below is an overview of pathways that you can successfully take in 2022 to become Canadian PR.
1.) Canada Express Entry
In general, Canada uses the Express Entry system to manage applications for three Canadian immigration programs. These are: the Federal Skilled Worker Class; the Federal Skilled Trades Class; and the Canadian Experience Class.
Express Entry is also the fastest and most popular pathway for newcomers seeking a new life in Canada.
Express Entry awards candidates eligibility points using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
A job offer is not required to enter or be selected from the Express Entry pool. However, additional Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score points are awarded to those who already have a job.
How the Express Entry system works
A total of 1,200 points is available under Express Entry.
A candidate’s CRS score is based on several factors, most importantly
- skilled work experience, and also
- proficiency in English or French
Note that individual applicant or a couple may get CRS points. Candidates do not need to have any experience in Canada in order to get ITA for permanent residence.
In short, Canada calculates your CRS score out of a possible 1,200 points. And the points are determined by your core human capital. These are
- your age
- work experience
- educational background, and, as well as
- your ability to adapt and language skills
Only a limited number of candidates with the highest CRS points in the pool get Invitations to Apply (ITAs).
Express Entry Application Quick Steps
- Create an IRCC profile/account to apply for Canada visa online
- Check your application status
- Check application processing times
2.) Canada Provincial Nominee Programs
Even if not eligible for Express Entry, you could immigrate to Canada through one of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP).
Canadian provinces do not have the ability to give out permanent residency status. However, they can boost your application by nominating you for PR in the federal government’s Express Entry system.
How does PNP nomination help your PR application?
Candidates who receive a nomination get an additional 600 points toward their federal Express Entry CRS score.
The additional 600 points virtually guarantee that you will receive an invitation to apply for Canadian PR.
The minimum score for an Express Entry PNP draw is typically in the mid 700s and up. In contrast, other Express Entry programs require scores in the 400s.
Consequently, candidates with provincial nomination need only score in the 100s for core human capital in order to be invited.
3.) Canada study permit
International student study permit is a very popular pathway to become a Canadian permanent resident.
Canada welcomes more than 350,000 international students every year. To be eligible to study in Canada these students must demonstrate that they:
- have been accepted by a school, college, university or other educational institution in Canada;
- have enough money to pay for their tuition fees, living expenses, and return transportation;
- are law-abiding citizens with no criminal records;
- are in good health and willing to complete a medical examination, and as well
- can satisfy an immigration officer that they will leave Canada at the end of their authorized stays.
You can work under certain circumstances while studying. More importantly, after graduating you can obtain a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP).
PGWP allows you to work in Canada for up to three years after graduating. This is very significant because the Canadian work experience gained will boost your PR application.
International students get their permanent residence in Canada in three stages:
- First come to Canada under a Study Permit
- Then apply for a Post-graduation Work Permit, and
- Finally apply for permanent residence through the Express Entry system
4.) Canada’s Start-Up Visa Program
Canada needs entrepreneurs like you to boost its economy and create employment, especially during this pandemic recovery.
Entrepreneurs with innovative business ideas can immigrate to Canada through the Canada start-up visa program. And importantly, innovative companies could access Canadian and U.S. markets through Canada’s Start-Up Visa program.
Canada’s Start-Up Visa grants Canadian permanent residence to qualified immigrant entrepreneurs. It aims to recruit innovative entrepreneurs to Canada. And it also introduces them to Canadian investors so they can start their businesses in Canada.
In sum, the basic eligibility requirements for the Start-Up Visa program are:
- a qualifying business
- commitment certificate and letter of support from a designated entity
- sufficient funds to meet settlement funding, and
- proficiency in English or French at the minimum Canadian Language Benchmark level 5.